Hot Spots Exclusion Procedure
The Hot Spots Exclusion Procedure (HSEP) was developed in 2010 and consists of eight steps implying examination of the environmental status of each hot spot. The status of the hot spots is examined by the federal and regional authorities of the Russian Federation. Based on the status assessment and the assessment of actions already carried out, the hot spot owner elaborates and carry out actions necessary to remove the hot spot from the list.
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (Minprirody RF) with the Federal Environmental and Nature Management Supervision Service (Rosprirodnadzor) are responsible for the overall implementation of the Exclusion Procedure. The practical operation is done by the five regional Hot spot Exclusion Groups (HEGs), established in Karelia, Komi, Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and Nenets. These groups are comprised by regional environmental authorities.
The BEAC Working Group on Environment’s Subgroup on Hot Spots Exclusion coordinates the work on Hot Spot exclusion. The Nordic Environment Finance Corporation, NEFCO, manages a special financial tool, the Barents Hot Spots Facility, to launch projects at the Hot Spots.
The so-called Full Track HSEP consists of eight consequent steps:
1. Initiation of Exclusion
2. Screening and Analysis
3. Definition of Hot Spot issue and Specific Exclusion Criteria
4. Drafting of Action Plan
5. Approval of Action Plan
6. Implementation of Action Plan
7. Application for Exclusion
8. Exclusion from the Barents Environmental Hot Spots List
The first Hot Spot to go through the Full Track Exclusion Procedure was Ko7 Wood Processing Industry Waste Management, excluded from the list in 2017 due to development of bioenergy sector in the nine forest districts of the Komi Republic. Both newly generated wood waste and some of the old waste has been used since then to produce biofuels - wood briquettes and pellets.
In 2020, two pilot Hot Spots, which followed both the Full Track Exclusion Procedure as well as the new Russian BAT-based permit granting process, were excluded from the Barents List: Ko3-2 Mondi Syktyvkar Pulp and Paper Mill (wastewater discharge), located in the Komi Republic, and K5 Sewage treatment in Petrozavodsk, Republic of Karelia. Both installations fulfill requirements of the Best Available Techniques (BAT), set by the new Russian Environmental legislation (FZ-219). Other Hot Spots have been excluded by the so-called Fast Track Procedure.
Read the Article 'BAT as Criteria for Excluding Russian Industrial Installations from the List of Environmental Hot Spots of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region' (by Dmitry Skobelev and Åke Mikaelsson).
Read a brochure on Barents Hot Spot Facility, published by NEFCO in 2020
See all excluded Hot Spots