Over the past years, the priority of cooperation was to align the work on Barents Environmental Hot Spots with the implementation of the Russian legislation on permit granting based on Best Available Techniques (BAT). The Russian legislation on Best Available Techniques (BAT) for the industry was adopted in 2015 and aims at introducing a new system of state regulation on environmentally hazardous industries more similar to the Nordic countries. The legislation requires industries to achieve specified conditions and to develop and implement action plans. Around 300 enterprises were selected as pilots for the new legislation in 2015. Some of chosen enterprises are also on the Barents Hot Spot list, as Kola GML, owning the nickel producing plants in Nikel (Murmansk M1) and the Arkhangelsk Pulp and Paper Mill in Novodvinsk (Arkhangelsk A4).
In addition, since 2016 the design and implementation of Supporting Activities have strengthened the progress made on the environmental hot spots. The aim of so-called supporting activities is to use the collective expertise and experience of the Nordic countries and Russia to support the hot spots on taking further steps towards exclusion, strengthen environmental action and support the implementation of the Russian legislation on BAT.
The Barents cooperation on Hot Spots aims to contribute to capacity building for environmental authorities and Hot Spot owners to make the transition of the new BAT legislation smoother. Hot Spot supporting activities are developed with funding through the Barents Hot Spots Facility, a funding instrument managed by NEFCO. Through the Barents cooperation on Hot Spots, experts from the environmental authorities of the Barents countries meet and exchange their experiences and practices.
Since there are strong synergies between the exclusion procedure and the permit granting process, the ambition is to use the BAT-reform as a lever to promote environmental action and technical modernization on the Barents hot spots as well as beyond to impact environmentally hazardous enterprises across the Russian Federation.
Overview of Support Activity Implementation (updated 24.01.20)
SA No1 – Capacity Building on BAT, FZ-219 and Hotspots Exclusion for a) Managers and b) Experts.
o No1a – Introduction Seminar in Moscow
o No1b for Syktyvkar
o No1b for Petrozavodsk
o No1b for Naryan-Mar
o No1b for Arkhangelsk
o No1b for Murmansk
SA No2 - Branch Wise Seminars: Build in-deep capacity on applied BAT for experts at authorities and enterprises within the respective sector
o No2 for Waste
o No2 for Pulp and Paper Industry
o No2 for Water and Wastewater Treatment
o No2 for Oil and Contaminated Grounds
SA No3 – Branch Wise Study Tours: Spread knowledge on Nordic Experience of BAT based on cases from Nordic countries
o No3 for Pulp and Paper
o No3 for WWTP
SA No4 – Drafting of Environmental Performance Enhancement Plans: Provide selected hot spots with individual Action Plans (Step 4) in the form required under FZ-219 (i.e “Environmental Performance Enhancement Plans”)
o No4 for Ko3-2 Mondi Syktyvkar in combination with No5
o No4 for K5 Petrozavodsk WWTP in combination with No5
SA No5 – Pilot Exercises in BAT based Permit Granting leading to Agreed Criteria at selected pilot plants: Provide applied experience in the Barents region of using the BAT-based permit granting currently introduced in the Russian Federation
o No5 addressed for Ko3-2 Mondi Syktyvkar in combination with No4
o No5 addressed for K5 Petrozavodsk WWTP in combination with No4
SA No6 – Refinement of Screening & Analysis Reports and Determination of Specific Exclusion Criteria (Step2+3)
SA No7 – Action Planning
SA No8 – Action Implementation
SA No9 – Voluntary Climate Inventories: Map out climate impact from volunteering hot spots and/or regions and thus induce more climate mitigation actions in the regions
SA No10 – Support to Outreach and Communication